Solana White Paper - The Cryptocurrency Review

Solana White Paper

Solana (SOL): A New Architecture for a High-Performance Blockchain

Abstract: Solana presents a new blockchain architecture built around a unique invention called Proof of History (PoH), a proof for verifying order and passage of time between events. The PoH mechanism is utilized to create a trustless and distributed time source that is significantly scalable and improves overall network efficiency. Combined with Proof of Stake (PoS), Solana aims to achieve high throughput and quick transaction finality.


The Solana white paper introduces a high-performance blockchain architecture that addresses the scalability issues faced by existing blockchain technologies. By integrating Proof of History (PoH) with other blockchain components, Solana significantly increases throughput and reduces confirmation times for blockchain transactions without sacrificing decentralization or security.

Core Technologies and Innovations

Proof of History (PoH)

PoH is the central component of Solana’s architecture, allowing for the creation of a historical record that proves the existence and sequence of events without relying on external time sources. This facilitates a more efficient consensus mechanism by reducing the need for communication between nodes about the timing of events.

Proof of Stake (PoS) Consensus

In conjunction with PoH, Solana employs a PoS consensus algorithm that enables network participants to stake their tokens as a form of security. Validators are chosen to create new blocks based on the size of their stake, enhancing network security and integrity.

Other Innovations

  • Tower BFT: A PoS-based Byzantine Fault Tolerance mechanism optimized for Solana’s PoH.
  • Turbine: A block propagation protocol for efficiently transmitting blocks across the network.
  • Gulf Stream: Mempool-less transaction forwarding protocol.
  • Sealevel: A parallel smart contracts runtime that maximizes computational resources.

Network Performance

Solana’s architecture is designed to support high throughput and quick transaction finality. The network can handle thousands of transactions per second with sub-second confirmation times, offering a scalable solution for global adoption.


Solana introduces a revolutionary blockchain architecture that addresses the scalability, security, and decentralization triad. With its innovative combination of Proof of History and Proof of Stake consensus mechanisms, Solana offers a robust platform for developing decentralized applications and services at scale.

Download SOL White Paper